Chapter 5 Section 6: From Genotype to Phenotype, after p. 201:
Topic Name: DNA -> RNA -> Protein -> Function at University of Virginia
DNA is transcribed to RNA; RNA is translated to protein. Proteins are the functional units in the cell that get the job done and make cells and organisms look and function the way they do. The information contained in the DNA is called the genotype. What is actually observed in the organism is called the phenotype. At this site, see a general overview of the processes involved in the flow of information. Keep these processes in mind as you look at the other web sites in this section. Where in the cell does transcription occur? Where in the cell does translation occur? In what cellular locations would you find RNA?